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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 225-230

Management of endodontic emergencies at a tertiary care hospital during the lockdown phase of the COVID-19 pandemic


Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Centre for Dental Education and Research, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Ajay Logani
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Centre for Dental Education and Research, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/endo.endo_79_20

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Context: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is declared as a global pandemic by the WHO. Due to lack of proper vaccine, social distancing and restriction of movement in the form of“lockdown” have been implemented to curb the spread. This has crippled dental care in the country. Aims: The aim of this article is to highlight the management of endodontic emergencies during the COVID-19 lockdown phase. Settings and Design: Retrospective analysis of patient's data at a tertiary care center Materials and Methods: The data of 247 patients referred to the specialty clinic between March 23 and May 31, 2020, were retrospectively analyzed. COVID-19 risk assessment was performed for all the patients. Based on the diagnosis, the cases were classified as emergency, urgent, or nonemergency. The endodontic intervention was performed for all the emergency cases. Minimally invasive dentistry and pharmacotherapy were provided for urgent and nonemergency cases. Results: One hundred and seventeen patients presented with true endodontic emergencies (symptomatic irreversible pulpitis with or without apical periodontitis [80%], pulp necrosis and acute apical abscess [18%] or traumatic dental injury [2%]). About 82% of the emergency cases were managed by nonsurgical endodontic therapy, and vital pulp therapy was performed in 15.4% of the cases. Conclusions: Management of most of the endodontic emergencies required the use of aerosol-generating procedures. Irreversible pulpitis was the most common cause for the patients seeking emergency endodontic treatment.


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